Was Jesus married?

In our age of historical and biblical illiteracy, it has become popular to perpetuate the notion that Jesus was married. The role of Mrs. Jesus in these fanciful depictions is most often played by Mary Magdalene. Dan Brown’s bestselling novel The Da Vinci Code, for instance, received much attention for its iteration of this tired tale. In contradiction to the claims of sensationalistic scholars, a survey of the evidence demonstrates that the married-Jesus myth is nothing more than radical historical revisionism.

First, there is not a scintilla of evidence in Scripture, in the writings of the early church, or in the extrabiblical accounts of Jesus’ life that He was ever married. Contrary to the offhanded mention by Brown’s character Teabing of “countless references to Jesus and Magdalene’s union,” there are absolutely none.

Furthermore, the two documents most often cited in sup- port of the married-Jesus myth—the Gospel of Philip and the Gospel of Mary Magdalene—were not only written too late to be considered reliable, but neither specifies nor implies that Jesus and Mary were actually married.

Finally, while no evidence from the historical record sup- ports the notion that Jesus was married, the New Testament contains powerful evidence that Jesus was not. In 1 Corinthians 9:5, Paul defended his right to have a wife by appealing to the fact that Peter and other apostles had wives: “Don’t we have the right to take a believing wife along with us, as do the Lord’s brothers and Cephas?” If Jesus had been married, it is unthinkable that Paul would have neglected to appeal to Jesus as the ultimate precedent. For this reason Paul Maier, professor of ancient history at Western Michigan University, aptly refers to 1 Corinthians 9:5 as “the graveyard of the married-Jesus fiction.”

“All cannot accept this saying, but only those to whom it has been given: For there are eunuchs who were born thus from their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven’s sake. He who is able to accept it, let him accept it.”

Matthew 19:11–12 NJKV

 

For further study, see Hank Hanegraaff and Paul L. Maier, The Da Vinci Code: Fact or Fiction? (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 2004), 15–21.

 

***Note the preceding text is adapted from a new Revised and Updated version of The Complete Bible Answer Book that is forthcoming in Fall 2023. When available for pre-order we will update this page with corresponding information. Until then you can still purchase or receive for your partnering gift the current version by clicking here for purchase or here for partnering gift. ***

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