This letter was written by the apostle Paul and sets forth the doctrine of justification by faith and its ramifications. Paul presents his case logically. It is a brilliant work that is very deep and yet easy to read. The main theme of the epistle is the righteousness of God, 1:16-17. The book of Romans is the most formal of all the letters written by Paul.
“It is almost universally accepted that Romans was written near the close of the so-called third missionary journey, after an extended ministry of between two and three years at Ephesus (Acts 19:8, 10). At the conclusion of this ministry, during which time he had kept in close touch with the church at Corinth by writing and a hurried visit (see 2 Cor. 2:1), he journeyed to Macedonia (Acts 20:1) and spent three months in Greece (Acts 20:2f) before setting out for Jerusalem to deliver the collection he had gathered for the poor there. This three-month stay in Greece was likely at Corinth (see 1 Cor. 16:5f.).” (Bromiley, Geoffrey W., ed. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1979–1988.)
Written by whom – Paul is the author, per Romans 1:1, 5, 7.
Written to whom – The book of Romans was written to the Christians in Rome. They were predominately Gentile, 1:13; 11:13.
Why was it written – Paul was anxious to minister in the church there, so he wrote a letter preparing the way. He wrote it from the city of Corinth.
Date written – From 55 – 58 A.D.
Introductory Matters (1:1-17)
God’s Righteousness Revealed in Condemnation (1:18-3:20)
Condemnation against pagan humanity (1:18-32)
Condemnation according to divine standards (2:1-16)
Condemnation against unfaithful Jews (2:17-3:8)
Condemnation against all human beings (3:9-20)
God’s Righteousness Revealed in Justification (3:21-5:21)
Provided righteousness explained (3:21-31)
Provided righteousness illustrated (chap. 4)
Provided righteousness enjoyed (5:1-11)
Provided righteousness contrasted (5:12-21)
God’s Righteousness Revealed in Sanctification (chaps. 6-8)
The ground of sanctification (6:1-4)
Attitudes for sanctification (6:5-23)
Conflict in sanctification (chap. 7)
Power for sanctification (8:1-17)
The goal of sanctification (8:18-27)
Certainty of sanctification (8:28-39)
God’s Righteousness Revealed in Sovereign Choice (chaps. 9-11)
God’s sovereign choice is enunciated (9:1-29)
God’s sovereign choice applied (9:30-10:21)
God’s sovereign choice fulfilled (chap. 11)
God’s Righteousness Revealed in Transformed Living (12:1-15:13)
The basic consecration (12:1-2)
In Christian ministry (12:3-8)
In social relationships (12:9-21)
In relation to authority (13:1-7)
In light of the future (13:8-14)
In dealing with other Christians (14:1-15:13)
Concluding Remarks (15:14-16:27)
Personal plans (15:14-33)
Personal greetings (16:1-16).
Final words (16:17-27)
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