Comparison acceptance of Apocryphal Books Bibles in Protestant, Catholic, and Greek Orthodox

This table shows which of the apocryphal books are affirmed as scripture by Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, and Eastern Orthodox. Some of the same books are referred to by different names, which can lead to confusion.  If there are some inaccuracies, please let me know at info@carm.org and provide documentation. I will update this table periodically with new information.

Last Update: 7/25/2022

 

APOCRYPHAL BOOKS INCLUDED IN SOME BIBLES
OLD TESTAMENT

Date
Written

Protestant
Roman
Catholic

Greek
Orthodox

Russian
Orthodox

Coptic

1 Esdras (Additional Section, 3 Ezra)
~ 150 B.C.
NO*
YES
YES
YES
YES

2 Esdras (4 Ezra)
70 – 200 B.C.
NO
NO
NO
YES
YES

1 Ezra, Additions
(Same as Book of Ezra, but with an addition)
100 – 150 B.C.
NO*
YES
YES
YES
YES

1 Maccabees
~ 104 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

2 Maccabees
~ 124 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

3 Maccabees
1st Cent. B.C.
NO
NO
YES
YES
YES

4 Maccabees

NO
NO
?
?
?

Baruch
586 – 581 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Bel and the Dragon
(Additional Section in the LXX
of Daniel follows Daniel 12:13.
See also ‘Susanna’)
~ 100 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Epistle of Jeremiah
(In Catholic Bibles at end of Baruch)
~ 597 B.C.
~ 300 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Esther, Additions to (10:4-16:24)
167 – 114 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
?
?

Judith
135 – 105 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Prayer of Azariah
(22 Verses inserted in the LXX
between Daniel 3:23-24)
165 – 167 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
?
?

Prayer of Manasseh
(Addition to 2 Chronicles)
1st – 2nd
Cent. B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Psalm 151
2nd Cent. B.C.
NO
NO
YES
YES
YES

Sirach (Wisdom of Sirach, Ecclesiasticus)
200 – 175 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Song of Three Children
(In LXX, inserted between Daniel 3:23 and 3:23)
~ 100 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Susanna (Inserted before Daniel 1:1.
See ‘Bel and the Dragon’)
3rd C. B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Tobit (Tobias)
~ 180 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES

Wisdom of Solomon
(Book of Wisdom, written in Greek)
~ 100 B.C.
NO
YES
YES
?
?

Accepts Ezra, but not the additions to Ezra.

 

Sources

https://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0839/_INDEX.HTM
https://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/apo/index.htm
https://www.gotquestions.org/Prayer-of-Azariah.html
https://www.britannica.com/topic/The-Prayer-of-Azariah
https://www.biblewise.com/bible_study/apocrypha/prayer-of-azariah.php
https://www.biblegateway.com/resources/encyclopedia-of-the-bible/Song-Three-Children
https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Prayer_of_Azariah_and_Song_of_the_Three_Holy_Children
https://www.biblegateway.com/resources/encyclopedia-of-the-bible/Additions-Esther
https://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/canonical/books.html
https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/1_Esdras
Nelson, Thomas. The Orthodox Study Bible,. Thomas Nelson. 1982
Freedman, David Noel, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, John David Pleins, and Astrid B. Beck, eds. The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

The post Comparison acceptance of Apocryphal Books Bibles in Protestant, Catholic, and Greek Orthodox appeared first on Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry.

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