This is a very brief table of the two occurrences of the Greek word προφῆτις prophḗtis, which is translated into the English prophetess in the NASB, ESV, KJV. It provides the meanings of the Greek word as it occurs in both occurrences in the New Testament. Here it simply means prophetess.
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Greek word: προφῆτις prophḗtis
Strong’s #: G4398
Frequency: 2 occurrences
The obvious, unambiguous meaning of the Greek word prophets, which means prophetess.
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Strong’s # 4398, προφῆτις prophḗtis
And there was a prophetess, Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years and had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage,
‘But I have this against you, that you tolerate the woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess, and she teaches and leads My bond-servants astray so that they commit acts of immorality and eat things sacrificed to idols.
Dictionaries and Lexicons consulted
“to tell beforehand, which is from pró (4253), before or forth, and phēmí (5346), to tell. A prophetess. In the Gr. sense, the interpreter or priestess of a god, oracle. In the Sept. and NT”
Zodhiates, Spiros. The Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament. Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 2000
“a woman who proclaims inspired utterances on behalf of God—‘prophetess, inspired preacher.’ ἦν Ἅννα προφῆτις ‘there was a prophetess named Anna’ Lk 2:36.”
Louw, Johannes P., and Eugene Albert Nida. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains. New York: United Bible Societies, 1996.
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